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Middlesex University Professor publishes a new report titled 'Religious clothing and symbols in employment'

The report was commissioned by the European Commission through the European network of legal experts in gender equality and non-discrimination and authored by Dr Erica Howard, an associate professor of Law at Middlesex University

In the report, Dr Erica analyses the EU and Council of Europe legal frameworks on freedom of religion and non-discrimination and provides a comprehensive overview of EU Member State legislation and case law on the wearing of religious clothing and symbols in both public and private employment.

The report focuses also on the EU's Employment Equality Directive and the two March 2017 landmark decisions of the Court of Justice of the European Union, Achbita and Bougnaoui, which both concern Muslim women who, following unsuccessful requests by their private employer for them to remove their headscarves during working hours, were dismissed from their jobs.

Dr Howard commented that her report shows that while the EU Employment Equality Directive protects against direct and indirect discrimination there is a lack of parity and interpretation among member states.

To find out more about the report,contact Dr Erica Howard.

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